Trongsa Dzong is the largest dzong in Bhutan, located in the centre of the country. Built on a spur overlooking the gorge of the Mangde River, a temple was first established at the location in 1543 by the Drukpa lama, Nagi Wangchuk. In 1647, his great-grandson Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal constructed the first dzong to replace it, called Chökhor Rabtentse Dzong with a shorter version of Choetse Dzong. It was enlarged several times during the 18th century; the Chenrezig Lhakang was built in 1715 and a whole complex, including the Maitreya (Jampa) temple, was added in 1771. The dzong has since been repaired on several occasions; it was damaged during the 1897 earthquake and underwent extensive renovation in 1927 and 1999.
Trongsa Dzong is a powerfully built fortress and is exemplary of dzong architecture. The Trongsa Dzong is an extensive complex; the largest in all of Bhutan, and is set on many different levels. It consists of a maze of courtyards, passageways and corridors and the complex contains as many as 25 temples. The most important temples are those dedicated to the Tantric deities of Yamāntaka, Hevajra, Cakrasaṃvara and Kālacakra.
Trongsa Dzong, the largest dzong at a striking location, is an important administrative building, providing the headquarters of the government of Trongsa District. Trongsa provides a strategic central location to control Bhutan and for centuries it was the seat of the Wangchuck dynasty of penlops (governors) who effectively ruled over much of eastern and central Bhutan, and from 1907 have been Kings of Bhutan. It is also a major monastic complex, with around 200 monks. It is listed as a tentative site in Bhutan’s Tentative List for UNESCO inclusion.
The Dzong and the small town surrounding it are situated on a spur, a wild rocky area, above the ravines of the Mangde Chuu valley with the scenic backdrop of the Black Mountains on its southwest. The Dzong is located above the fast flowing Mandge Chu in a unique setting that has been described as “the most spectacularly sited dzong in Bhutan with a sheer drop to the south that often disappears into cloud and mist”
Trongsa town is situated on a steep ridge and offers spectacular views of the deep valleys surrounding it. The various hotels, guesthouses and restaurants all offer stunning views from their balconies. Trongsa Dzong is easily visible from anywhere in town and is always an impressive sight as it is situated atop a steep ridge that drops off into the clouds on its south side.
Trongsa means “the new village” in Bhutanese, which comprises retreats, temples and hermitages of monks. Its rich history is traced to the founding of a temple in the area by the Drukpa lama, Ngagi Wangchuk, who came to this place from Ralung in 1541, and built a small meditation room in 1543. One day he had been meditating nearby in a village called Yuling and witnessed a light (“from a body of lamps”) at the furthest point of the spur. He believed this to be an auspicious sign and erected a temple on the spot, on a mountain spur high above the gorges of the Mangde Chhu, at an altitude of 2,200 metres (7,200 ft).
A five-day festival known as the Trongsa tsechu is held in the northern courtyard of the temple during December or January. Every monastery in Bhutan observes this festival, which celebrates the arrival of Guru Rimpoche to Bhutan in the 8th century, a mark of triumph of Buddhism over evil.
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Best Time to visit Trongsa Dzong
November to February: The best an ideal opportunity to visit Trongsa is during the long periods of December to February when the climate is simply ideal for outdoor activities. In addition, the festival time frame in December gives you one more motivation to visit Trongsa during this period.
March , October: This is additionally a period in which the general climate of Trongsa is lovely
April to September: This is the slow time of year in Trongsa. It’s late spring from April to June and after that it rains a ton in this spot. at that point visiting Trongsa in these months is certainly not a smart thought.
How to Reach Trongsa Dzong
If you are intending to visit Trongsa Dzong or Trongsa whenever, there are different ways you can reach. These are the most ideal approaches to come to the delightful Trongsa.
From Gelephu in Southern Bhutan, Dungkar Transport run bus to Trongsa on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 7:00 (approx time to reach is 17:30). From the border town of Phuentsholing, Sernye Transport handles transports to Trongsa on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays at 6:00. (appearance time is generally 19:30). From Thimphu in the Western district, Sernya Transport employs transports to Trongsa day by day at 7:00 (appearance time is generally 15:00).